Amazon Region of Colombia
The Amazon region of Colombia comprises the departments of Amazonas, Caquetá, Guainía, Guaviare, Putumayo and Vaupés, and covers an area of 403,000 km², 35% of Colombia’s total territory. The region is mostly covered by tropical rainforest, or jungle, which is a part of the massive Amazon rainforest.
The region is bounded by the East Andes along the western edge and extends to the Venezuelan and Brazilian borders in the east. The northern limit begins with the Guaviare and Vichada Rivers and extends south to the Putumayo and Amazon Rivers.
The Amazon region is divided up into distinct subregions:
- Amazon foothills: bordering the East Andes
- Caquetá River Plain: the main watershed of this region
- Inírida River Plain: location of the famous Cerros de Mavecure
- Guaviare River Plain: shared with the Eastern Plains
- Putumayo River Plain: along the southern border
- Serranía de Chiribiquete
- Amazon Trapezium: the area of land that actually borders with the Amazon River
Other important rivers include the Vaupés, Apaporis and Yarí.
The tropical rainforest is classified more specifically as a tropical moist broadleaf forest. Within the Amazon Region of Colombia there are five moist forest ecoregions:
- Caquetá moist forest: the largest part of the Colombian Amazon region centered on the Caquetá, Vaupés, Yarí, and Apaporis Rivers
- Napo moist forest: the southwest corner of the Colombian Amazon region which borders the Andes and includes the headwaters of the Caquetá and Putumayo Rivers
- Solimões-Japurá moist forest: in Colombia this ecoregion is centered on the Putumayo and Amazon Rivers
- Japurá-Solimões-Negro moist forest: this ecoregion barely extends into Colombia mainly around the Lower Vaupés and Negro Rivers
- Campinarana: this ecoregion of white sandy forest and swamps barely extends into Colombia around the Negro River in the Department of Vaupés
Places to Go – Things to Do – The Amazon Region of Colombia
Just minutes before landing in Leticia, look out the window of the plane and you’ll see a tight blanket of trees that frame a huge brown river snaking through the jungle. This is your first glimpse of the 4,225-mile Amazon, the longest river in the world, and home to 212 species of mammals and 195 reptiles.
In the Amazon Region of Colombia nature is constantly putting on a show. One example is the pink dolphins that swim and play in the river, right before your eyes. At this crossroads of Colombia, Peru, and Brazil, indigenous rainforest cultures like the Ticunas, Huitotos, and Yucunas share the forest with anteaters, pumas, and deer, as well as medicinal plants used in ancient traditions and giant trees such as mahogany and cedar.
Amazonian life is so different from “civilization” as we know it. Seeing the world’s largest water lily, the Royal Victoria, lying on the calm surface of a lake, or floating on the treetops, will feel like a dream. Here, at the southern tip of Colombia, birdwatchers from around the world gather to observe over 674 species of native species.